Botanical Name – Cornus officinalis
Chinese Name – SHAN ZHU YU
English Name – Asiatic Cornelian Cherry
Cornus officinalis is a species of dogwood known also as Japanese cornel or Japanese cornelian cherry, Japanese Dogwood or Cornelian cherries. Cornus can be deciduous shrubs or trees, or creeping, woody-based perennials, some with brightly coloured young stems. Tiny flowers are borne in dense clusters.
It is native to Northeast China, Japan and Korea. It is a Medium-sized tree, growing up to about 8 m. Small yellow flowers appear in February/March, followed by shiny red edible fruiting berries.
Shan Zhu Yu has been used for at least 2,000 years in Chinese herbal medicine.