Cynara scolymus L. Common names include Globe artichoke and Garden artichoke. Artichoke is a perennial plant of the sunflower family (Asteraceae) that can grow up to 2 meters (6.6 feet) in height.
The artichoke plant as it is known today is a cultivated form that probably derived from the artichoke thistle or the cardoon (Cynara cardunculus).
Today, it’s an important vegetable and is grown on a large-scale in many areas of the world with temperate or subtropical climate, particularly in France, Italy, Spain, Belgium and California in the United States.
The plant prefers a well-fertilized, humus-rich and moist soil. The plants are propagated by seeds or preferably with cuttings from the rootstock.
The leaves are mostly used in herbal medicine both in dried or fresh form. The artichoke hearts are mainly used as food.