Euphrasia officinalis commonly named eyebright, Meadow eyebright, red eyebright, euphrasia.
The generic name Euphrasia means “well-being” and refers to the healing properties attributed to these plants.
Plants belonging to the genus Euphrasia are found in all parts of the world and include ca. 450 species. Euphrasia officinalis is native to Europe but has been introduced to Asia and North America.
It is parasitic or semi-parasitic. It attaches itself to the roots of other plants and obtains much of its nutrition through these host plants.
This plant has a long history of use for eye problems, hence the name of Eyebright.