Lavendula officinalis, commonly known as lavender, true lavender, English lavender, garden lavender, common lavender or narrow-leaved lavender is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean.
It is a strongly aromatic shrub growing as high as 1 to 2 metres. English lavender is commonly grown as an ornamental plant. It is popular for its colourful flowers, its fragrance, and its ability to survive with low water consumption. It does not grow well in continuously damp soil and may benefit from increased drainage provided by inorganic mulches such as gravel. It does best in Mediterranean climates similar to its native habitat, characterised by wet winters and dry summers. It is fairly tolerant of low temperatures and is generally considered hardy.