Scutellaria baicalensis, also known as Chinese skullcap or Baikal skullcap, is a perennial herb of the family Lamiaceae. It is a famous traditional Chinese medicine Huang-Qin, which is recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, European Pharmacopoeia, and British Pharmacopoeia. It mainly grows at an altitude of 60–2000 m in sandy soil on sunny sloped land.The plant is natively distributed in East Asia and widely cultivated in European and American countries. China is the main producer of S. baicalensis for medicinal use.
The dry roots of the plant are often used as medicine. The chemical components of S. baicalensis roots are mainly flavonoids, anthraquinones, lignin, organic acids, volatile oils, and other compounds. S. baicalensis has a cooling effect and is bitter in taste. It has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic effects and improves animal growth performance. It plays an important role in livestock and poultry production.
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