Stellaria media, commonly known as Chickweed, chickenwort, craches, maruns or winterweed, is a cool-season annual plant the family Caryophyllaceae .
Chickweed is native to Europe and Asia, and is now found throughout the world. It is a common hardy plant that easily grows readily in fallow fields, lawns and gardens and waste areas. It prefers partial to full sun, moist conditions and moderately fertile loam or clay loam soils. It tolerates light shade and temporary flooding, and while it can be found to some extent in natural areas, it prefers areas that have been disturbed.
The benefits of chickweed may in part be due to its high nutritional value. It is particularly high in ascorbic acid (vitamin C), gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, the omega-6 fatty acid derivative), saponins, niacin, riboflavin (B2) thiamine (B1), beta carotene (A), magnesium, iron, calcium, potassium, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, sodium, selenium and silica.
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