Botanical Name – Ziziphus jujuba
Chinese Name – SUAN ZAO REN
English Name – Sour Chinese Date (Seed)
Ziziphus jujuba, commonly called jujube, red date, Chinese date, Korean date, or Indian dateis a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). SUAN ZAO REN refers to the dried mature seeds of Ziziphus jujube.
It is a small deciduous tree or shrub reaching a height of 5–12 metres, usually with thorny branches. Its precise natural distribution is uncertain due to extensive cultivation, but is thought to be in southern Asia, between Lebanon, northern India, and southern and central China, and possibly also south eastern Europe.